Burn injuries can be extremely traumatic for victims, causing many lifelong consequences and effects. People who suffer from a serious burn injury face a long road of treatment and recovery that is often painful and difficult. These serious injuries can be caused by a variety of factors. Devastating car accidents that involve explosions, house fires, electrocutions and chemical exposure are just among the different types of accidents identified by the website of the Jeff Sampson Law Firm that can result in such painful and traumatizing injuries. Regardless of the cause, however, the effects of a burn injury can be mitigated if proper first aid is received by the victim.
The type of first aid assistance needed for a burn injury will vary depending on its severity. A first degree burn, which is superficial and common when the victim is scalded by a hot liquid, can be remedied by running the injured area under cool water for 3 to 5 minutes. A cold compress can also be used, but be sure that the temperature isn’t too cool as that can cause further damage to the skin. Once that’s done, burn ointment or aloe vera cream can be applied on the injured area before it is bandaged up using a clean piece of cloth or gauze.
First aid measures are different for the more severe second or third degree burns. Second degree burns cause victims an intense amount of pain, leaving blisters that look raw and wet. Meanwhile, third degree burns leave the injured skin looking charred, leathery, dry, or waxy. Sometimes, the skin might also look white or brown. A third degree burn affects the deepest layers of the skin, sometimes causing nerve damage. As a first aid response for these types of injuries, first remove any pieces of clothing or jewelry surrounding the area of the burn. (However, take note not to forcefully pry off any pieces that might have melted into the victim’s skin.) Afterwards, run the injured area under cool water for 3 to 5 minutes and then wrap it in clean cloth or gauze to keep the area sterilized and avoid infection.